Subject(s): Civil and political rights — Economic, social, and cultural rights — Nationality of individuals — Armed conflict, international — Weapons — Care for the sick and wounded — Prisoners of war — Combatants — Customary international law — Writings of publicists
Since the end of World War II, there has been a tremendous growth in international human rights law and in international institutions dedicated to promoting, monitoring, and enforcing this body of law. The field encompasses a broad range of civil and political rights, economic and social rights, and the accountability for their violation by states and non-state actors alike. Treaties, conventions, and UN Security Council resolutions have given rise to monitoring mechanisms, commissions, ad hoc tribunals, and even permanent courts, such as the regional human rights courts and the International Criminal Court, all of which contribute to the further development of this burgeoning field.
* Basic Sources * Self-Determination * Prevention of Discrimination * Women's Human Rights * Slavery & Slavery-Like Practices * Protection from Torture, Ill-Treatment, & Disappearance * Human Rights in the Administration of Justice * Rights of the Child * Freedom of Association & Human Rights Defenders * Employment & Forced Labor * Marriage * Education * Indigenous & Minority Rights * Development * Disabled Persons * Health & Human Rights * Freedom of Information & Right to Culture * Refugees, Asylum, Nationality, Displaced, & Freedom of Movement * War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, Including Genocide * Regional Systems
Introduction Human Rights Council Racial Discrimination Civil and Political Rights Indigenous Peoples Regional Perspectives History Internally Displaced Persons Women Human Rights Bodies - Introduction Judicial Remedies
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally agreed to be the foundation of international human rights law. Adopted in 1948, the UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to us all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts, in societies suffering repression, and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights."
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948, was the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of that war, and the creation of the United Nations, the international community vowed never again to allow atrocities like those of that conflict happen again. World leaders decided to complement the UN Charter with a road map to guarantee the rights of every individual everywhere. The document they considered, and which would later become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was taken up at the first session of the General Assembly in 1946. The Assembly reviewed this draft Declaration on Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms and transmitted it to the Economic and Social Council "for reference to the Commission on Human Rights for consideration . . . in its preparation of an international bill of rights." The Commission, at its first session early in 1947, authorized its members to formulate what it termed "a preliminary draft International Bill of Human Rights". Later the work was taken over by a formal drafting committee, consisting of members of the Commission from eight States, selected with due regard for geographical distribution.
States that have ratified the Convention, also known as “States Parties”, have undertaken to secure and guarantee to everyone within their jurisdiction, not only their nationals, the fundamental civil and political rights defined in the Convention.
The rights and freedoms secured by the Convention include the right to life, the right to a fair hearing, the right to respect for private and family life, freedom of expression, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and the protection of property.
The Convention prohibits, in particular, torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, slavery and forced labour, arbitrary and unlawful detention, and discrimination in the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms secured by the Convention.
WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY
THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION
RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES
PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION
RIGHTS OF WOMEN
RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS
RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT
SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES
WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING GENOCIDE
RIGHT TO HEALTH
RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR
RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS
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U.N. News Center - Human Rights
U.S. State Department - Democracy, Human Rights & Labor
Library of Congress, Human Rights and Civil Liberties - Global Legal Monitor
Human Rights Council
Universal Periodic Review
Commission on Human Rights (replaced by the Human Rights Council)
Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council
Human Rights Council Complaint Procedure
There are ten human rights treaty bodies that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties :
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
Committee against Torture (CAT)
Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT)
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
Committee on Enforced Disappearances (C
Inter-American Court of Human Rights Inter-American Commission on Human Rights American Declaration of the Rights And Duties of Man American Convention on Human Rights Special Rapporeurship for Freedom of Expression Rapporteurship on the Rights of Women Rapporteurship on the Rights of Migrant Workers and Their Families Rapporteurship on the Rights of the Child
Inter-American Program on the Promotion of Women's Human Rights and Gender Equity and Equality Inter-American commission of women The Inter-American Children's Institute Summits and Human Rights Inter-American Program for the Promotion and Protection of the Human Rights of Migrants, Including Migrant Workers and their Families International humanitarian law Displaced Persons The OAS in Haiti—Human Rights and Justice Judicial Facilitators