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When and What Do I Cite?

Cite anything you write or create that uses or refers to the ideas of another person, including:

  • direct quotations
  • paraphrasing of passages
  • indebtedness to another person for an idea
  • use of another student's work
  • use of your own previous work<
You do not need to cite information that is common knowledge.

Citation Tools

OWL // Purdue Writing Lab


A comprehensive writing guide, which offers over 200 free resources on writing, research, grammar and mechanics, citation style guides and English as a second language tools.


A free, easy-to-use browser plugin that helps you collect, organize, and cite sources. Works with Microsoft Word and Google Docs to easily incorporate citations and bibliographies into your papersVisit the UMKC Library guide to Zotero.



A citation tool with a plugin for Microsoft Word. The desktop version and web version are available to UMKC faculty and staff; only the web version is available to students. Helps format and save citations in almost any citation style. Access it from anywhere.


Allows you to create citations in MLA, APA, Chicago or Turabian.

Citation Builder

 A comprehensive writing guide


For full details, use style guides in the library:
Turabian     |     Chicago - online     |     APA     |     MLA

UMKC Writing Studio

Schedule a One-on-One Consultation

Schedule a 30-minute or 60-minute, one-on-one consultation with a peer tutor. Meet in person or virtually. Make an appointment.

Go to the Writing Studio on Campus

Drop in to the Writing Studio in the Atterbury Student Success Center or the Miller Nichols Library during open hours